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History

BOHOL
PHILIPPINES

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Brief Summary

      The people of Bohol are said to be descendants of the last group of inhabitants who settled in the Philippines called Pintados (the tattooed ones).   Before the Spaniards arrived in 1521, Boholanos already had a culture of their own as evidenced by the artifacts dug at Mansasa, Tagbilaran, and in Dauis and Panglao using designs during the Ming dynasty (960-1279).  They  already had a system of writing but most of the materials used were perishable like leaves and bark.  They spoke a language similar to that of the nearby provinces.

          The name Bohol is thought to be derived from the name of the barrio of Bo-ol, a barangay found in Tagbilaran City which was among the first places toured by the Magellan expedition.  History has it that one of the Spanish ships of Magellan (the Concepcion) was burned in this province after Magellan was killed by Lapulapu in Mactan.  In 1565 Miguel Lopez de Legazpi anchored in Jagna, one of the eastern municipalities of Bohol.  He made a blood compact with the Chiefs Sikatuna and Sigala in a small village near the present capital of the province, Tagbilaran City, signifying they were blood brothers.  The province became a Jesuit mission in 1595.  At this time, Bohol was a part of the province of Cebu and was called a residencia. It became a separate politico-military province on July 22, 1854, together with the island province of Siquijor.  In 1879, there were 34 towns belonging to the province with a total population of  253,103.

          Two significant revolts were recorded during the Spanish regime.  The Tamblot Uprising in 1621 led by a native priest or "babaylan", and the Dagohoy Rebellion from 1744 to 1829 led by Francisco Dagohoy which is considered as the longest revolt recorded in the annals of Philippine history.  American forces seized the province in March 17, 1900.

          Bohol is the home province of the fourth President of the Republic of the Philippines, Carlos Polistico Garcia (1957-1960) who was born in the municipality of Talibon.

Significant Historical Developments

          Historical Setting                                Muslim Raids On Bohol Coastal Towns
         
Sikatuna, The Bohol Chieftain              Dagohoy, The Celebrated Hero Of Bohol
         
How Bohol Got Its Name                     Bohol Participation in the Philippine Revolution
         
Christianization of the Natives              Lonoy, Jagna Massacre

Bits of World War II History

          April 1942 Bombing of Jetafe                The Moalong and Ubujan Ambushcades
          June 1943 Japanese Kempatai             The Bohol Liberation
          Underground Movement                       How Bohol was Liberated

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